HTML colgroup Tag

HTML <colgroup> Tag: The HTML<colgroup> tag defines a group of columns in a table for formatting. The HTML  colgroup tag describes the column properties for each column. This tag can be used for applying styles to the entire column instead of repeating styles for each cell and each row.

HTML <colgroup> Tag

This HTML<colgroup> tag supports both the global and the event attributes. The <colgroup> tag must be a child of a <table> element, after any <caption> elements and before any <thead>, <tbody>, <tfoot>, and <tr> elements.

Syntax: <colgroup> <col span=” ” style=” “> </colgroup>



Attributes

  • align: It is used to align the text or content in the group of the column. The value of the align property is left, right, center, justify, char.
  • char: It is used to align the character in a column group and the value of these attributes is the character.
  • charoff: It is used to sets the number of characters that will be aligned from the character specified by the char attribute. The value of these attributes is in numeric form.
  • span: It is used to specify the number of columns that have a colgroup tag. The values are in numeric form.
  • valign: It specifies the vertical-align of content in a colgroup. Its values are the top, middle, bottom, baseline.
  • width: It defines the width of a column group. It’s values are pixels, %, relative_length.

Browser Support

This HTML colgroup tag was supported by a different type of browsers.

  • Chrome
  • Firefox
  • InternetExplorer
  • Opera
  • Safari

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
table, th, td {
  border: 1px solid black;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<table>
  <colgroup>
    <col span="1" style="background-color:orange">
    <col style="background-color:white">
    <col style="background-color:green">
  </colgroup>
  <tr>
    <th>ISBN</th>
    <th>Title</th>
    <th>Price</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>2178965</td>
    <td>JAVA</td>
    <td>Rs.650</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>5869651</td>
    <td>R programming</td>
    <td>Rs.490</td>
  </tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>

Output:

html colgroup tag

Attributes that are supported by the <colgroup>tag

Attribute Value Description
align left
right
center
justify
char
Describes the alignment of the content in a column group
char Character Describes the alignment of the content in a column group to a character
charoff number Defines the number of characters the content will be aligned from the character specified by the char attribute
span number Specifies the number of columns a column group should span
valign top
middle
bottom
baseline
Specifies the vertical alignment of the content in a column group
width %
pixels
relative_length
Specifies the width of a column group