Testing React JS Application with Jest

Testing React JS Application with Jest: What is Jest? Did you ever hear about Jest? Jest is a testing platform. Facebook uses Jest to test all JavaScript code including their React applications. One of Jest’s methods of insight is to give a coordinated “zero-configuration” understanding. We watched that when engineers are given prepared to-utilize instruments, they wind up composing more tests, which thusly brings about more steady and sound code bases. Jest is a JavaScript tester maintained by Facebook Inc. Jest tester is a JavaScript software that looks for tests in the codebase, runs them and displays the results (usually through a CLI interface).

Jest Features

It just has the following features.
  • Easy Setup
  • Instant Feedback
  • Snapshot Testing for debugging
  • Fast and sandboxed-Jest parallelizes trials crosswise over specialists to expand execution. Console messages are cushioned and printed together with a test comes about. Sandboxed test records and programmed worldwide state resets for each test so no two tests struggle with each other.
  • Built-in code coverage reports-Effortlessly makes code scope reports utilizing scope. No extra setup or libraries required! The joke can gather code scope data from whole undertakings, including untested records.
  • Zero configuration-Jest is as of now arranged when you utilize make respond application or respond local init to make your React and React to Native activities. Place your tests in a _test_envelope, or name your test records with a .spec.js or test.jsextension. Whatever you incline toward, Jest will discover and run your tests.
  • Works with TypeScript-Jest works with any arrange to-JavaScript dialect and coordinates consistently with Babel and with TypeScript through ts-jest.

Jest Installation

Let’s get started and install jest in our application and run a simple test, first we will need to install jest in our application:

By Npm:

npm install --save-dev jest

By jest:



yarn add --dev jest

Both commands different but they install the same jest in our react application.

A Sample Test

let’s create a small test in your application, We can begin by composing a test for a theoretical capacity that includes two numbers. Create a file named sum.test.js under src/ directory. This will contain our actual test:

A Sample Test Example

function sum(a, b) {
return a + b;
}
test(adds 1 + 2 to equal 3', () => {
expect(sum(1, 2)).toBe(3);
});

This will run a test to verify if a function returns 3 while adding numbers or by doing something else like multiply, subtract and divide. Go ahead and add this line to tests in package.json

"scripts": {
"start": "react-scripts start",
"build": "react-scripts build",
"test": "jest",
"eject": "react-scripts eject"
},

A Sample Test Example Output

No go ahead and run npm to npm test to run your test. If everything compiles successfully, your cmd prompt should look like this.
A Sample Test Example Output
It means your app is successful and your test is successfully passed. Now how to test React application with Jest, let’s test your React application.

Testing Components

In this section, we will learn how to run the test on React components. To run a test on React components we need to install Jest with babel. Because we are using Babel we will install other modules that make Jest and Babel interact with each other:

To install npm
save-dev babel-jest babel-polyfill

To check babel

es2015 babel-preset-react jest

This will install babel-jest, now create a file called .babelrc and put this content in it:

{
"presets": ["es2015", "react"]
}

App Component Example

So, we can import other components in our test file and we can easily test other components. Now go ahead and create a file component.test.js that imports App component and run test:

import App from './app.js';
test('Checking component App', () => {
}) ;

If everything runs fine, this code will test the App component and as there are no errors in the App component, So we will be greeted with PASS on CMD.

App Component Example Output

App Component Example Output
This means we have successfully tested our React Applications and it works fine and let’s go-ahead run ReactJS app with
npm start

This will start the application server on http://localhost:3000, and we will be greeted with the app without errors.

Testing React JS Application Exercise

Here is a quiz/question for you:
What actually JEST is?
In case you didn’t know what JEST is? Jest is a delightful JavaScript testing.
Jest has the following features:
  • Easy Setup.
  • Instant Feedback.
  • Snapshot testing.
  • Zero Configuration Testing.
  • Fast.
  • Reports.
  • Power mocking library.
  • Works with typescript.

Conclusion

So now we have completed about React JS and we have learned how to install JEST and test your applications in it. Now go ahead for Redux.